Tourism and its impacts on conservation

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Tourism is often perceived as a threat to conservation of World Heritage. In fact, tourism is a platform and a vehicle for presenting heritage to the public, conserving it and guaranteeing its economic and social viability. Hence, tourism is in most cases a balancing mechanism that keeps and protects the heritage itself.

The main premise of the TOURISM theme within the OurWorldHeritage initiative is that defining the key principles of Heritage-Tourism reciprocal relations is imperative. Both tourism and heritage sites are exposed nowadays to critical exogenic and endogenic changes. Among these challenges are the ramifications of COVID-19, and the consequent global economic and social crises. Hence, we argue that it is imperative to conceptually and practically pave a way for a major review of these interrelationships. In so doing, we hope to deconstruct old concepts and reconstruct a new collaborative paradigm based on present challenges and on constructive and complementing synergies, which will assure the continuity and resilience and sustainability of heritage and tourism alike.

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ORGANISERS

Minja Yang, Coordinator

Minja Yang, Coordinator

Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

Minja Yang is President & Professor Emeritus of Raymond Lemaire Intl Centre for Conservation of Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium (RLICC/KU Leuven) 2009-2020; after retiring from 30 years in UNHCR & UNESCO (1979-2009). She served at UNESCO as Director, Subregional Office in New Delhi; Director, Museums Unit; Deputy-Director WH Centre, simultaneously Coordinator, WH Cities; Head, Angkor Unit; Head, Emergency Unit.

Maria Gravari Barbas, Convener

Maria Gravari Barbas, Convener

Pantheon-Sorbonne University

Maria Gravari-Barbas has a degree in Architecture and Urban Design (University of Athens, 1985) and a PhD in Geography and Planning (Paris IV – Sorbonne, 1991). She was Fellow at the Urban Program of Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA (1990). She is the Director of the EIREST, a multidisciplinary research team dedicated to tourism studies, with main focus on cultural heritage, development, and urban-tourism evolutions. From 2008 to 2017 she was the director of the Institute for Research and High Studies on Tourism (Institut de Recherches et d'Etudes Supérieures du Tourisme, IREST) of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne University. Since 2009 she is the director of the UNESCO Chair of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne University and the coordinator of the UNITWIN network ‘Tourism, Culture, Development’. She is the author of several books and papers related to Tourism, Culture and Heritage.

Valentina Araya

Valentina Araya

Sociologist and Cultural Heritage Professional (Chile)

Sociologist graduated from the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (Santiago, Chile) and M.A. in World Heritage Studies at the BTU (Cottbus, Germany). Valentina Araya participated in different projects related to industrial heritage, modern heritage and heritage neighborhoods. Her studies focused on the development of intercultural education in indigenous communities in South of Chile and the importance of handcrafts (intangible heritage) to indigenous communities living in urban contexts. Her Master thesis focused on the analysis of the touristic offerings and demand in heritage neighborhoods in Germany. Valentina is Global Outreach Coordinator for OWH Tourism Theme.

Silvia Aulet

Silvia Aulet

Professor, University of Girona

Dr. Silvia Aulet is professor and researcher at the Faculty of Tourism of the University of Girona. She teaches in the Bachelor of Tourism and the Master in Cultural Tourism where coordinates the module “Tourism Management of World Heritage Sites”. Her current research interests are cultural tourism and heritage management. Her main research is on religious and sacred sites and spiritual tourism but also she has worked in other areas related to heritage such as gastronomy or cultural accessibility. She has participated in different research projects both nationally and internationally (i.e. ACCENT-Gastronomy, SPIRIT-YOUTH, INCOME and Cultsense). She is a member of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage, member of the UNESCO Unitwin Chair Culture, Tourism and Development, member of Future for Religious Heritage Association and advisor to the Calonge-Sant Antoni Chair in Gastronomy, Culture and Tourism at the University of Girona.

Carlos Burgos Tartera

Carlos Burgos Tartera

University of Girona, M.Arch Student (Spain)

Carlos Burgos Tartera has a degree in Tourism (University of Lleida) and is currently studying for a master's degree in Cultural Tourism (University of Girona). He worked as tourism manager in the village of Penelles, participating in the award-winning project GarGar, and as operations intern in Abbey Ireland and UK (Dublin). He is Social Media Coordinator for OWH Tourism Theme.

Lorenzo Cantoni

Lorenzo Cantoni

Professor at USI - Università della Svizzera italiana

Lorenzo Cantoni graduated in Philosophy and holds a PhD in Education and Linguistics. He is professor at USI - Università della Svizzera italiana (Lugano, Switzerland), Faculty of Communication, Culture and Society, where he is director of the Institute of Digital Technologies for Communication. His research interests are where communication, education and new media overlap, ranging from computer mediated communication to usability, from eLearning to eTourism and digital Fashion, from ICT4D to eGovernment. He is chair-holder of the UNESCO chair in ICT to develop and promote sustainable tourism in World Heritage Sites, established at USI in 2013, USI’s Pro-rector for Education and Students’ experience, director of the Master in Digital Fashion Communication, done in collaboration with the Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, and vice-director of the Master in International Tourism. L. Cantoni has been President of IFITT – International Federation for IT in Travel and Tourism (2014-January 2018).

Geoff DeVito

Geoff DeVito

Anthropologist

Geoff DeVito is a trained Anthropologist focused on innovative, cooperative, holistic approaches to tourism consulting and research. Building on twenty years of industry experience, Geoff advocates transparent dialogue between the travel industry and destinations, promoting shared-goal programing with a strong emphasis on education.

Evinc Dogan

Evinc Dogan

Assistant Professor at Akdeniz University

Evinc Dogan has a PhD in Management and Development of Cultural Heritage (IMT School for Advanced Studies Lucca, Italy). She has been Assistant Professor at Akdeniz University and part-time lecturer at Bogazici University. She is a member of ESACH, Europeana and Interpret Europe. Her research interests revolve around heritage branding, semiotics, industrial heritage, cultural routes and tourism.

Francoise Ged

Francoise Ged

Architect and Sinologist

Françoise Ged is an architect and sinologist. She directs the Observatory of Architecture of Contemporary China at the Cité de l'architecture et du patrimoine. Since 1997, she has developed various partnerships in China, notably on heritage, urban development and architecture. She participates in several programs of the National Research Agency, UNESCO, and teaches at INALCO, IAE Nantes. She has published numerous articles on heritage, architecture and the city in China. She is an associate researcher at the China, Korea, Japan Center.

Fekri Hassan

Fekri Hassan

Director of the Cultural Heritage Program at French University, Egypt

Professor Hassan is Director of the Cultural Heritage Program at the French University in Egypt and Emeritus Petrie Professor of Archaeology at the Institute of Archaeology, University College London. He taught at Washington State University from 1975 to 1994 and served as Vice-President of WAC, World Archaeology Congress. He is the author of several books and more than 200 publications in cultural heritage management, theory of archaeology, Egyptian prehistory, Demographic Archaeology, Geoarchaeology and water history.

Cristina Iamandi

Cristina Iamandi

Architect and Urban Planner, and a Specialist Conservation Architect

Cristina Iamandi is a Registered Architect and Urban Planner, and a Specialist Conservation Architect (a protected title awarded by the Centre de Hautes Etudes de Chaillot, Paris). She worked as a practicing architect, and as a researcher and/or lecturer in historic preservation with several prestigious North- American and European institutes and universities, including The Canadian Centre for Architecture in Montreal, and The Getty Conservation Institute in Los Angeles. Since 2000, she started her own consulting practice, carrying out projects and activities worldwide for international organizations such as UNESCO, UNDP, World Bank, and for different governments and foundations. Her professional interests concentrate primarily on the management planning for World Heritage cities and the implementation of the Historic Urban Landscape Recommendation.

Carmelo Ignaccolo

Carmelo Ignaccolo

 Ph.D. Candidate, MIT, DUSP

Carmelo Ignaccolo is a Ph.D. Candidate in City Design and Development at MIT, DUSP, and an Adj. Faculty of Digital Techniques for Urban Design at Columbia University, GSAPP. His academic work employs urban analytics and mapping techniques to analyze the urban morphology of historic cities and to investigate how the built environment affects human cognition and behavior. Carmelo’s work has been exhibited at the Seoul Architecture Biennale (2019) and the Bi-City Shenzhen Biennale of Urbanism-Architecture (2020).

Shikha Jain

Shikha Jain

International expert on World Heritage

Shikha Jain has an extensive portfolio on cultural heritage of India that covers Conservation, World Heritage and Museum Planning of 50 plus projects, largely realised through her organisation DRONAH. As an international expert on World Heritage, she has advised government organisations in Singapore, Malaysia, UAE, Myanmar and UNESCO Offices at Jakarta, Indonesia and Myanmar. She has worked as consultant to the UNESCO New Delhi and, represented Ministry of Culture, India as a Heritage Expert on the UNESCO World Heritage Committee. She is Vice President, ICOFORT, ICOMOS and Advisory Committee Member, MSc. UNESCO C2C at WII, Dehradun.

Pascale Marcotte

Pascale Marcotte

Professor, Université Laval

Pascale Marcotte is a full professor in the Department of Geography at Université Laval and a member of the Partnership Research Chair on Attractiveness and Innovation in Tourism. Her research focuses on the consumption behaviour of visitors in the field of culture and tourism. She has participated in the organization of several conferences and published numerous studies concerning UNESCO World Heritage sites and tourism.

Michele Prats

Michele Prats

Honorary General Inspector for Public Works of France

ENA graduate, Honorary General Inspector for Public Works of France, has served as Director of various departments, in different Ministries and in the private sector (vineyards), then, Vice-President of ICOMOS France, Expert for Sensitive Natural Areas, President of “Forests of Exception”; now an ICOMOS Expert for World Heritage; voting member of ICTC; member of ISCL; of the French WH National Committee and of IREST EC; Vice-President of Champagne WH Site and of Stendhal Circle.

Carmen Maria Ramos

Carmen Maria Ramos

the UNESCO Chair on Cultural Tourism

Carmen María Ramos was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina. As journalist she has worked in major print media in Argentina for 30 years. She did postgraduate studies in Cultural Management and Communication (FLACSO). As an executive director, she runs the UNESCO Chair on Cultural Tourism since its creation in March 2007 and organizes seminars, international conferences and other information, communication and documentation activities focused on sustainable tourism development and their nexus with tangible and intangible cultural heritage. Also, she has been adviser of the Ministry of Culture of the City of Buenos Aires on issues of culture and cultural heritage and was a member of the advisory body of the Ministry of Tourism (GCBA). She is currently a titular member of the Council of Cultural Patronage of the City of Buenos Aires.

KT Ravindran

KT Ravindran

Urban Designer, Chairman of the Architectural Heritage Advisory Committee of INTACH

K.T. Ravindran is an Urban Designer, Chairman of the Architectural Heritage Advisory Committee of INTACH, Trustee of the Indian Heritage Cities Network Foundation and was Member of the Advisory Board for the United Nations Capital Master Plan, New York. He was Dean and Senior Academic Advisor, RICS School of Built Environment, former Chairman of Delhi Urban Art Commission and was the Founding President of the Institute of Urban Designers India.

Ilaria Rosani

Ilaria Rosani

eLearning Project manager at the UNESCO Chair in ICT

Ilaria Rosani holds a Master’s Degree in International Tourism (USI – Università della Svizzera italiana). She is currently a research assistant and eLearning project manager at the UNESCO Chair in ICT to develop and promote sustainable tourism in World Heritage Sites (USI – Università della Svizzera italiana). Currently, she is working on the third volume of the “Tourism Management at UNESCO World Heritage Sites” Massive Open Online Course that will be released in 2021. She also contributed to the design and development of the previous two MOOC volumes.

Haifaa Abdulhalim (Abedalhaleem)

Haifaa Abdulhalim (Abedalhaleem)

Nature conservation Independent expert (World Heritage)

Haifaa Abdulhalim (Abedalhaleem) has worked for IUCN World Heritage Programme for more than 12 years serving as the TABE’A programme manager (natural World Heritage for the Arab Region). Haifaa has extensive experience in capacity building and the provision of quality technical advice on all aspects of natural World Heritage in the region including state of conservation monitoring, protection and management, new inscriptions, strategy, interpretation and promotion, and working with local communities. Haifaa has been the driving force behind the successful TABE'A programme, and has extensive knowledge of World Heritage and the Arab States regional context.

Zineb Chakir

Zineb Chakir

Strategic direction and management for International Development Programmes
Bouzid Sabeg

Bouzid Sabeg

Former- Director for Heritage, City of Arles, and expert on World Heritage over the past 25 years

Affiliated institutes