All heritage sites have the potential to be sites of memory to a greater or lesser extent. In some heritage sites, memories transmitted in intangible forms bear more significant value than physical evidence of the sites. The dynamic and plural nature of the world’s cultural and natural heritage in diverse societies has not been sufficiently considered in the discourse of the 1972 World Heritage Convention.
Because different the values and meanings of heritage sites can be developed by different groups, a collective memory of heritage places is not always homogeneous. Instead, heritage places are composed of diverse, plural and sometimes dissonant memories and associations. Similar values and significances in different sites highlight common human achievements to become an opportunity for further cooperation, while diverse interpretations or memories of heritage sites can, when approached intentionally or accompanied by complementary public programming, present opportunities to bridge divides and deepen social cohesion.
How can the World Heritage Convention approach the representation of these sites of memory? How do the other international conventions or programs address this issue and what are the practical ways do ensure their conservation?
The objective of the initiative is to foster the implementation of the Convention through a more inclusive approach towards interpretation and conservation of heritage places. While some prominent values have been identified through the nomination process, others might have been omitted or ignored, mainly those voiced by local communities within and/around the places.
The organizers of this theme are keen to engage in dialogue with various voices from different regions and diverse groups. In addition to the series of academic webinars, campaigns and on-site activities, in particular with the participation of youth, will be organized in the month of September 2021.
1. Places of memory presenting common intangible values, as a symbol of universality of human experience through time and space
2. Changing meanings of place in relation to heritage values and identities through place-making and memory-making, and through changing historical interpretation.
3. Presentation and interpretation on the common memories in heritage-making of different site.
4. Presentation of divergent or contested memories in heritage sites as a path to enhanced social cohesion and new understandings of the past.
5. Integrating indigenous and local community voices and values into site management and conservation, ensuring the inclusion of a multiplicity of perspectives and a variety of entry points to facilitate broad engagement.
To be announced soon!
Jean-Louis Luxen, Co-CoordinatorInternational Coalition of Sites of Conscience, Member of the Board of Trustees
Jean-Louis Luxen is a Belgian senior civil servant and teacher. PhD in Law and Master in Economics, he is Professor Emeritus of the University of Louvain. From 1993 to 2002, he served as Secretary General of ICOMOS, involved in the implementation of the World Heritage Convention and in the organisation of the Nara Conference of 1994. From 2008 to 2013, he was Senior Legal Expert of the Euromed Heritage Programme. From 2007 to 2019, he was member of the Board of the "International Coalition of Sites of Conscience". In 2018, he acted as Chair of the UNESCO expert working group on "Interpretation of Sites of Memory".
Imrana Tiwana, Co-CoordinatorArchitect, Urbanist & Environmentalist
Imrana Tiwana is an Architect, Urbanist & Environmentalist from MIT, with Special Expertise in Culture & Heritage, part of the team that created the ‘Aga Khan Program’ at Harvard University. She is a social justice activist, and represents the Prime Minister on Committees for Culture & Heritage. She has worked in various countries, and her clients include Imran Khan, Prime Minister of Pakistan, Donald Trump, President of USA and Mahatir Mohammad, Prime Minister of Malaysia. She has been President of the Institute of Architects, Pakistan. She is a member of INTBAU, ICOMOS, WHW, ARCASIA, IAP, PCATP etc. She has represented Pakistan at WHW, UNESCO, Rio+20 & other international fora.
Jaeheon Choi, Co-ConvenerProfessor at Konkuk University, South Korea
Professor Jaeheon Choi has worked in the field of human geography over 30 years. He got his Ph.D. from geography in the University of Minnesota in 1993. Since 1995, He has been a professor of geography in Konkuk University, while establishing the World Heritage Studies program in the graduate school of Konkuk University in 2014. Professor Choi has actively been involved in several World Heritage nominations in Korea, as well as being served as a ICOMOS World Heritage Panel member and Secretary General of ICOMOS Korea. He is currently director of KU World Heritage Research Center and a chair of the WH program in Konkuk University, Seoul, KOREA.
Jihon Kim, Co-ConvenerKorean National Commission for UNESCO
Ms. Jihon Kim has worked at the divisions of culture and external relations the Korean National Commission for UNESCO, while attending UNESCO intergovernmental meetings as an advisory member of the delegation. Ms. Kim lectured at Sungkyunkwan University as an adjunct professor and was a research fellow at UNIDROIT. She also has been serving as a public legislative officer at the Ministry of Government Legislation since 2018. Ms. Kim received her B.A. in Art History, and M.A. and Ph.D. in International Studies at Seoul National University with the topic of the international cultural heritage law and non-State actors.
Ella Erzsébet Békési, PartnerHeritage Education Network Belize (HENB)
Ella was born and raised in Budapest, Hungary and received her B.A. in Archaeology and M.A. in Cultural Heritage at University College London. She worked as an assistant in public and commercial archaeology as well as in the heritage sectors in the United Kingdom and Central America. Ella participated in the Lamanai Archaeology Project (LAP) in Belize, and has been assisting branches of the Belizean National Institute of Culture and History. She co-founded Heritage Education Network Belize, a non profit organisation dedicated to innovative and sustainable ways to understand and safeguard culture and heritage. HENB focuses on community engagement, capacity building, development, research advocacy, and education to empower local communities and stakeholders to create and maintain sustainable lifeways through culture.
Deoksoon Kim, Partner
Mr. Deoksoon Kim has worked in the preparatory office of International Centre for Interpretation and Presentation for the World Heritage Sites under the auspices of UNESCO(WHIPIC). He also had planned and implemented various international activities for safeguarding intangible cultural heritage at ICHCAP for the more than ten years. Mr. Kim lectured at Hankuk University of Foreign Studies and was a visiting research fellow on the topic of Overall Result Framework of UNESCO 2003 Convention at Vrije Universiteit Brussel in Belgium. Mr. Kim is Ph.D Candidates in public administration and tourism management. He also has B.A. in physics, M.As in the development economics and tourism management in Korea and Australia and MBA in Germany.
Josep-Maria Mallarach, Partner
Dr Josep-Maria Mallarach has been working towards enhanced protected area management for over 40 years. He has been involved in protected area management, focusing on iconic landscapes and sacred natural sites. He is a member of the IUCN World Commission for Protected Areas (WCPA) and of the Steering Committee of the Specialist Group on Cultural and Spiritual Values of Protected Areas. He represents the IUCN World Heritage Programme in the Initiative of World Heritage Sites of Religious Significance. He leads a postgraduate course on Spiritual Meanings and Values of Nature, at the University of Girona, Catalonia. Josep-Maria is currently Chairman of the Silene, a non-profit association to promote the intangible heritage and its associated values of natural protected areas.
Sue Hodges, Advisor
Sue is an historian from Melbourne, Australia, with extensive experience in the fields of history, heritage interpretation, sustainable tourism, capacity building, placemaking and museum and exhibition development. Her business, SHP, operates in Australia and internationally. She is currently President of the ICOMOS International Scientific Committee on the Interpretation and Presentation of Cultural Heritage Sites (ICIP), a Member of the ICOMOS Advisory Committee and an International Expert Member of the Foundazione Romualdo Del Bianco. Sue was an invited expert speaker at the 40th and 41st Sessions of the World Heritage Committee, President of Interpretation Australia from 2010 to 2013 and an Executive Committee Member of Australia ICOMOS from 2012-2015.
Dawson Munjeri, Advisor
Dr Dawson Munjeri is Professor of Centre For Culture and Heritage Studies at the University of Great Zimbabwe. He holds a Ph.D. degree in International Relations & Diplomacy from the Centre d’Etudes Diplomatiques et Stategiques, Paris, France. Professor Munjeri has been working toward World Heritage, as a member of the Zimbabwean delegation to the World Heritage Committee from 1997 to 2003 and Vice President and Rapporteur at the 24th session of the Committee in Cairns in 2000. He was also Executive Director of National Museums and Monuments of Zimbabwe from 1993 to 2002. He served as a Vice-President of ICOMOS from 1999 to 2003, contributing to the organisation of the first ICOMOS General Assembly in Africa at Victoria Falls in 2003. He is the author of numerous publications on oral history, tangible and intangible history.
Elizabeth Silkes, Advisor
As Executive Director of the International Coalition of Sites of Conscience, Elizabeth Silkes guides the strategic growth of a thriving consortium of 300 museums, historic sites and memory initiatives in 65 countries. Prior to joining the Coalition, Elizabeth served as CEO of Cinereach, a foundation supporting film and media projects focused on social change, and as Executive Director of FilmAid International, a humanitarian relief organization using film and video to address the needs of refugees and other displaced communities. Elizabeth has served on the board of ICOM-US, the U.S. National Committee of the International Council of Museums; as an International Advisor to the Accounts of the Conflict project at the University of Ulster INCORE; as an international advisor to UNESCO; and a member of the Law Advisory Council for the Fetzer Institute.
Ahmed Skounti, Advisor
Ahmed Skounti is an anthropologist at the National Institute of Archaeology and Heritage Sciences (INSAP, Rabat, Morocco). He holds a Ph.D. from the École des hautes études en sciences sociales (Paris). He was the World Heritage Focal Point in Morocco (2000-2014). He contributed to the drafting of the 2003 Intangible Cultural Heritage Convention and is a facilitator within the UNESCO ICH capacity-building programme. He chaired the Evaluation Body of the ICH Intergovernmental Committee in 2015 and in 2017. He is a member of the Advisory Body of the International Research Centre for the Intangible Cultural Heritage in the Asia-Pacific Region (Japan).
Jim Talyor, Advisor
Dr Jim Talyor is a former President of the Environmental Education Association of Southern Africa (EEASA). He worked for the Wildlife and Environment Society of South Africa (WESSA) for 35 years. For twenty of these he served as the Director of Environmental education, and he was a founder member and project leader of the SADC Regional Environmental Education Programme. This programme continued for 15 years and now lives on in partnership with UNESCO and Rhodes University. He is now an honorary life member of WESSA. Dr Talyor is active in ESD with UNESCO where he co-chaired the ESD-2030 initiative for transforming teaching and learning environments.
Christopher Young, Advisor
Christopher Young is an archaeologist and cultural heritage consultant, having previously been Head of International Advice at English Heritage for many years, after being Director for the Hadrian’s Wall World Heritage Site. He has worked with UNESCO and others over many years on policy and management issues concerned with the implementation of the World Heritage Convention, including revision of the Operational Guidelines and Periodic Reporting. He was the Rapporteur of 2018 report Interpretation of Sites of Memory commissioned by the UNESCO World Heritage Centre from the International Coalition of Sites of Conscience.
Hiba Alkhalaf, Advisor
Hiba is a Research Associate at King’s College London - Department of Classics. She is an architect with academic and professional experience in architectural conservation and heritage management. She holds a B.Arch. from the University of Damascus, MSc in Architectural conservation, and PhD in Architecture from the University of Edinburgh. Hiba has been actively involved in various heritage projects in the MENA region focusing on documenting and managing heritage, assessing damage and values, as well as exploring the role of heritage in peacebuilding and reconciliation and empowering local communities. Her research had led to developing several capacity building training programs and worked closely with heritage professionals in Syria, Tunisia, Libya, and the UK.