Heritage in Conflict

Heritage protection starts in times of peace. The 1954 Hague Convention and its two protocols provide guidelines to adopt measures to be implemented before, during and after conflict. Therefore, synergies between World Heritage and other relevant conventions and instruments, e.g. the 1970 Convention against Illicit Trafficking and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, must be reinforced. In peace time, a sound civil and military cooperation shall guarantee effective protection mechanisms to be used amid crisis. In recent conflicts, conventions provided very limited heritage protection. Preventive measures, risk preparedness and awareness raising, as well as share of good practices for people-centred response, recovery and reconstruction are particularly relevant in this juncture. Initiatives for cultural heritage protection in extreme situations, including conflicts and terrorist attacks, should be intensified also making widespread use of new technologies. This is why we call for a direct involvement of NGOs and civil society at large.


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    Giovanni Fontana Antonelli, Coordinator

    Giovanni Fontana Antonelli, Coordinator

    Archi.Media Trust

    Giovanni Fontana Antonelli, graduated from Florence University, he is a world experienced architect, urban/landscape planner and heritage expert who gained his extensive experience from serving UNESCO for more than 20 years in Africa, Europe and the Arab Region, especially in conflict and post-conflict contexts, i.e. the safeguarding of the terraced cultural landscape of Southern Jerusalem, and the recovery and reconstruction of the Old City of Mosul. In 2019, Arch. Fontana Antonelli was Senior Consultant in urban heritage for UN-Habitat Syria, and in 2020 participated in the ALIPH-funded mission to Hatra World Heritage site in Danger in Iraq. In 2017, he founded Archi.Media Trust, an agency specialized in cultural heritage safeguarding, especially in conflict-affected contexts. Archi.Media Trust is currently engaged in the restoration of an historic mosque in the old city of Mosul, funded by ALIPH. Keynote speakers in numerous international conferences and author of three books and circa 70 publications on heritage and development studies, Arch. Fontana Antonelli’s projects were recipient of international awards, such as the Gubbio Prize 1996, the Sheikh Zayed Prize 2005, the Melina Mercouri Prize for Cultural Landscapes 2011, and were nominated to the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 2013 and 2016.

    Claudio Cimino, Co-Convener

    Claudio Cimino, Co-Convener


    Claudio CIMINO, MA and post-graduate in Architecture at La Sapienza, since 1984 is member at the Board of Architects of Rome, in 2005 co-founded an architects' firm. After a decade spent doing research in Latin America and coordinating development projects in the Middle East with the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, designed, managed and monitored projects in over 40 countries in Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America focusing on urban/regional planning; cultural heritage restoration and conservation; Arts&Crafts and industrial design. During the last 15 years was increasingly engaged in the study and development of progressive risk preparedness, mitigation and response measures to protect cultural heritage as key to good territorial governance,I n line with the UNESCO 1954 Hague Convention and the relevant international law. Coordinated the draft nomination dossier for Mtskheta World Heritage (Georgia) to Enhanced Protection within a EU supported initiative promoted by WATCH in cooperation with Georgian and Lebanese authorities. Consults on cultural heritage management the Italian MoFA, the Foreign Trade Commission and the MiBACT; the World Bank and the EC. A senior scholar, lectures on cultural heritage management in several Italian and European Universities. Is a member of the supervising committee and a lecturer within the EU H2020 ED ARCHMAT MSCA-ITN-EJD.

    Mizuko Ugo, Co-Convener

    Mizuko Ugo, Co-Convener

    Gakushuin Women’s College

    Mizuko Ugo is associate professor of cultural heritage conservation and international cultural cooperation at the Faculty of Intercultural Studies, Gakushuin Women’s College (Tokyo, Japan). After having obtained her Ph.D. in Engineering (History of Architecture) from the University of Tokyo, she worked in restoration sites of historical buildings and joined UNESCO as an Associate Expert, initially in Cairo Office and afterwards at the World Heritage Centre in Paris Hqs, contributing to the conservation of built heritage and the implementation of the World Heritage Convention in the Arab Countries. She has also worked in the field of restoration and re-use of ancient buildings as a researcher of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) at the National Research Institute for Cultural Properties, Tokyo (NRICP-T). Her research interest is the conservation of built heritage in the 20th century and, in particular, in relation to the Second Wolrd War. She is member of the Japan ICOMOS National Committee and of the Architectural Institute of Japan.

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